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stock    音标拼音: [st'ɑk]
n. 树干,托盘,祖先,血统,原料,备料,库存,股票,股份
a. 存货的,常备的,平凡的





库存 证卷

adj 1: repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse;
"bromidic sermons"; "his remarks were trite and
commonplace"; "hackneyed phrases"; "a stock answer";
"repeating threadbare jokes"; "parroting some timeworn
axiom"; "the trite metaphor `hard as nails'" [synonym:
{banal}, {commonplace}, {hackneyed}, {old-hat},
{shopworn}, {stock(a)}, {threadbare}, {timeworn},
{tired}, {trite}, {well-worn}]
2: routine; "a stock answer"
3: regularly and widely used or sold; "a standard size"; "a
stock item" [synonym: {standard}, {stock}]
n 1: the capital raised by a corporation through the issue of
shares entitling holders to an ownership interest (equity);
"he owns a controlling share of the company's stock"
2: the merchandise that a shop has on hand; "they carried a vast
inventory of hardware"; "they stopped selling in exact sizes
in order to reduce inventory" [synonym: {stock}, {inventory}]
3: the handle of a handgun or the butt end of a rifle or shotgun
or part of the support of a machine gun or artillery gun;
"the rifle had been fitted with a special stock" [synonym:
{stock}, {gunstock}]
4: a certificate documenting the shareholder's ownership in the
corporation; "the value of his stocks doubled during the past
year" [synonym: {stock certificate}, {stock}]
5: a supply of something available for future use; "he brought
back a large store of Cuban cigars" [synonym: {store}, {stock},
6: the descendants of one individual; "his entire lineage has
been warriors" [synonym: {lineage}, {line}, {line of descent},
{descent}, {bloodline}, {blood line}, {blood}, {pedigree},
{ancestry}, {origin}, {parentage}, {stemma}, {stock}]
7: a special variety of domesticated animals within a species;
"he experimented on a particular breed of white rats"; "he
created a new strain of sheep" [synonym: {breed}, {strain},
8: liquid in which meat and vegetables are simmered; used as a
basis for e.g. soups or sauces; "she made gravy with a base
of beef stock" [synonym: {broth}, {stock}]
9: the reputation and popularity a person has; "his stock was so
high he could have been elected mayor"
10: persistent thickened stem of a herbaceous perennial plant
[synonym: {stock}, {caudex}]
11: a plant or stem onto which a graft is made; especially a
plant grown specifically to provide the root part of grafted
12: any of several Old World plants cultivated for their
brightly colored flowers [synonym: {stock}, {gillyflower}]
13: any of various ornamental flowering plants of the genus
Malcolmia [synonym: {Malcolm stock}, {stock}]
14: lumber used in the construction of something; "they will cut
round stock to 1-inch diameter"
15: the handle end of some implements or tools; "he grabbed the
cue by the stock"
16: an ornamental white cravat [synonym: {neckcloth}, {stock}]
17: any animals kept for use or profit [synonym: {livestock},
{stock}, {farm animal}]
v 1: have on hand; "Do you carry kerosene heaters?" [synonym:
{stock}, {carry}, {stockpile}]
2: equip with a stock; "stock a rifle"
3: supply with fish; "stock a lake"
4: supply with livestock; "stock a farm"
5: amass so as to keep for future use or sale or for a
particular occasion or use; "let's stock coffee as long as
prices are low" [synonym: {stock}, {buy in}, {stock up}]
6: provide or furnish with a stock of something; "stock the
larder with meat"
7: put forth and grow sprouts or shoots; "the plant sprouted
early this year" [synonym: {sprout}, {stock}]

Stock \Stock\ (st[o^]k), n. [AS. stocc a stock, trunk, stick;
akin to D. stok, G. stock, OHG. stoc, Icel. stokkr, Sw.
stock, Dan. stok, and AS. stycce a piece; cf. Skr. tuj to
urge, thrust. Cf. {Stokker}, {Stucco}, and {Tuck} a rapier.]
1. The stem, or main body, of a tree or plant; the fixed,
strong, firm part; the trunk.
[1913 Webster]

Though the root thereof wax old in the earth, and
the stock thereof die in the ground, yet through the
scent of water it will bud, and bring forth boughs
like a plant. --Job xiv.
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2. The stem or branch in which a graft is inserted.
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The scion overruleth the stock quite. --Bacon.
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3. A block of wood; something fixed and solid; a pillar; a
firm support; a post.
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All our fathers worshiped stocks and stones.
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Item, for a stock of brass for the holy water, seven
shillings; which, by the canon, must be of marble or
metal, and in no case of brick. --Fuller.
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4. Hence, a person who is as dull and lifeless as a stock or
post; one who has little sense.
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Let's be no stoics, nor no stocks. --Shak.
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5. The principal supporting part; the part in which others
are inserted, or to which they are attached. Specifically:

[1913 Webster]
(a) The wood to which the barrel, lock, etc., of a rifle
or like firearm are secured; also, a long, rectangular
piece of wood, which is an important part of several
forms of gun carriage.
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(b) The handle or contrivance by which bits are held in
boring; a bitstock; a brace.
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(c) (Joinery) The block of wood or metal frame which
constitutes the body of a plane, and in which the
plane iron is fitted; a plane stock.
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(d) (Naut.) The wooden or iron crosspiece to which the
shank of an anchor is attached. See Illust. of
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(e) The support of the block in which an anvil is fixed,
or of the anvil itself.
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(f) A handle or wrench forming a holder for the dies for
cutting screws; a diestock.
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(g) The part of a tally formerly struck in the exchequer,
which was delivered to the person who had lent the
king money on account, as the evidence of
indebtedness. See {Counterfoil}. [Eng.]
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6. The original progenitor; also, the race or line of a
family; the progenitor of a family and his direct
descendants; lineage; family.
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And stand betwixt them made, when, severally,
All told their stock. --Chapman.
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Thy mother was no goddess, nor thy stock
From Dardanus. --Denham.
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7. (Finance) Money or capital which an individual or a firm
employs in business; fund; in the United States, the
capital of a bank or other company, in the form of
transferable shares, each of a certain amount; money
funded in government securities, called also {the public
funds}; in the plural, property consisting of shares in
joint-stock companies, or in the obligations of a
government for its funded debt; -- so in the United
States, but in England the latter only are called
{stocks}, and the former {shares}.
[1913 Webster]

8. (Bookkeeping) Same as {Stock account}, below.
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9. Supply provided; store; accumulation; especially, a
merchant's or manufacturer's store of goods; as, to lay in
a stock of provisions.
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Add to that stock which justly we bestow. --Dryden.
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10. (Agric.) Domestic animals or beasts collectively, used or
raised on a farm; as, a stock of cattle or of sheep,
etc.; -- called also {live stock}.
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11. (Card Playing) That portion of a pack of cards not
distributed to the players at the beginning of certain
games, as gleek, etc., but which might be drawn from
afterward as occasion required; a bank.
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I must buy the stock; send me good cardings.
--Beau. & Fl.
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12. A thrust with a rapier; a stoccado. [Obs.]
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13. [Cf. {Stocking}.] A covering for the leg, or leg and
foot; as, upper stocks (breeches); nether stocks
(stockings). [Obs.]
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With a linen stock on one leg. --Shak.
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14. A kind of stiff, wide band or cravat for the neck; as, a
silk stock.
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15. pl. A frame of timber, with holes in which the feet, or
the feet and hands, of criminals were formerly confined
by way of punishment.
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He shall rest in my stocks. --Piers
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16. pl. (Shipbuilding) The frame or timbers on which a ship
rests while building.
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17. pl. Red and gray bricks, used for the exterior of walls
and the front of buildings. [Eng.]
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18. (Bot.) Any cruciferous plant of the genus {Matthiola};
as, common stock ({Matthiola incana}) (see
{Gilly-flower}); ten-weeks stock ({Matthiola annua}).
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19. (Geol.) An irregular metalliferous mass filling a large
cavity in a rock formation, as a stock of lead ore
deposited in limestone.
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20. A race or variety in a species.
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21. (Biol.) In tectology, an aggregate or colony of persons
(see {Person}), as trees, chains of salpae, etc.
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22. The beater of a fulling mill. --Knight.
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23. (Cookery) A liquid or jelly containing the juices and
soluble parts of meat, and certain vegetables, etc.,
extracted by cooking; -- used in making soup, gravy, etc.
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24. Raw material; that out of which something is
manufactured; as, paper stock.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

25. (Soap Making) A plain soap which is made into toilet soap
by adding perfumery, coloring matter, etc.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

{Bit stock}. See {Bitstock}.

{Dead stock} (Agric.), the implements of husbandry, and
produce stored up for use; -- in distinction from live
stock, or the domestic animals on the farm. See def. 10,

{Head stock}. See {Headstock}.

{Paper stock}, rags and other material of which paper is

{Stock account} (Bookkeeping), an account on a merchant's
ledger, one side of which shows the original capital, or
stock, and the additions thereto by accumulation or
contribution, the other side showing the amounts

{Stock car}, a railway car for carrying cattle.

{Stock company} (Com.), an incorporated company the capital
of which is represented by marketable shares having a
certain equal par value.

{Stock duck} (Zool.), the mallard.

{Stock exchange}.
(a) The building or place where stocks are bought and
sold; stock market; hence, transactions of all kinds
in stocks.
(b) An association or body of stockbrokers who meet and
transact business by certain recognized forms,
regulations, and usages. --Wharton. Brande & C.

{Stock farmer}, a farmer who makes it his business to rear
live stock.

{Stock gillyflower} (Bot.), the common stock. See {Stock},
n., 18.

{Stock gold}, gold laid up so as to form a stock, or hoard.

{Stock in trade}, the goods kept for sale by a shopkeeper;
the fittings and appliances of a workman. --Simmonds.

{Stock list}, a list of stocks, or shares, dealt in, of
transactions, and of prices.

{Stock lock}, a lock inclosed in a wooden case and attached
to the face of a door.

{Stock market}.
(a) A place where stocks are bought and sold; the stock
(b) A market for live stock.

{Stock pigeon}. (Zool.) Same as {Stockdove}.

{Stock purse}.
(a) A common purse, as distinguished from a private
(b) (Mil.) Moneys saved out of the expenses of a company
or regiment, and applied to objects of common
interest. [Eng.]

{Stock shave}, a tool used by blockmakers.

{Stock station}, a place or district for rearing stock.
[Australia] --W. Howitt.

{Stock tackle} (Naut.), a tackle used when the anchor is
hoisted and secured, to keep its stock clear of the ship's
sides. --Totten.

{Stock taking}, an examination and inventory made of goods or
stock in a shop or warehouse; -- usually made

{Tail stock}. See {Tailstock}.

{To have something on the stock}, to be at work at something.

{To take stock}, to take account of stock; to make an
inventory of stock or goods on hand. --Dickens.

{To take stock in}.
(a) To subscribe for, or purchase, shares in a stock
(b) To put faith in; to accept as trustworthy; as, to
take stock in a person's fidelity. [Slang]

{To take stock of}, to take account of the stock of; to take
an inventory of; hence, to ascertain the facts in regard
to (something). [Eng.]
[1913 Webster]

At the outset of any inquiry it is proper to take
stock of the results obtained by previous explorers
of the same field. --Leslie
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Fund; capital; store; supply; accumulation; hoard;
[1913 Webster]

Stock \Stock\, a.
Used or employed for constant service or application, as if
constituting a portion of a stock or supply; standard;
permanent; standing; as, a stock actor; a stock play; a stock
phrase; a stock response; a stock sermon. "A stock charge
against Raleigh." --C. Kingsley.
[1913 Webster]

{Stock company} (Theater), a company of actors regularly
employed at one theater, or permanently acting together in
various plays under one management.
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Stock \Stock\ (st[o^]k), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Stocked}
(st[o^]kt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Stocking}.]
1. To lay up; to put aside for future use; to store, as
merchandise, and the like.
[1913 Webster]

2. To provide with material requisites; to store; to fill; to
supply; as, to stock a warehouse, that is, to fill it with
goods; to stock a farm, that is, to supply it with cattle
and tools; to stock land, that is, to occupy it with a
permanent growth, especially of grass.
[1913 Webster]

3. To suffer to retain milk for twenty-four hours or more
previous to sale, as cows.
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4. To put in the stocks. [R.] --Shak.
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{To stock an anchor} (Naut.), to fit it with a stock, or to
fasten the stock firmly in place.

{To stock cards} (Card Playing), to arrange cards in a
certain manner for cheating purposes; -- also called {to
stack the deck}. [Cant]

{To stock down} (Agric.), to sow, as plowed land, with grass
seed, in order that it may become swarded, and produce

{To stock up}, to extirpate; to dig up.
[1913 Webster]

615 Moby Thesaurus words for "stock":
Animalia, Broadway, ability, abundance, acceptation, accepted,
acception, accommodate, accumulate, accumulation, accustomed,
acquiescence, affiliation, afford, allotment, allowance, amass,
amassment, ancestor, ancestry, and fish, animal kingdom,
animal life, animality, anthrophore, apparentation, appraisal,
appraise, appraisement, array, assessable stock,
assessed valuation, assessment, assets, assets and liabilities,
assortment, assurance, assuredness, authorized capital stock,
average, axis, back-number, backlog, banal, beasts,
beasts of field, beasts of prey, begetter, beginning, belief,
bewhiskered, big end, big game, bigger half, birds, birth, bisque,
bit, bite, blood, bloodline, blue chip, blue chip stock, bole,
borscht, bouillabaisse, bouillon, branch, breed, breeding,
bromidic, brood, broth, brute creation, budget, burgoo, burlesque,
butt, byword, byword of reproach, cache, cane, capacity, capital,
capital stock, carnival, carpophore, carry, catalog goods, cattle,
caudex, caulicle, caulis, certainty, chicken soup, chimney,
chowder, chunk, chute, circumstances, circus, clam chowder, clan,
class, clear soup, cliched, clothe, collect, collection,
commencement, commissariat, commissary, commission, commodities,
common, common ancestry, common stock, commonplace, community,
conception, confidence, conformable, consanguinity, consomme,
consuetudinary, consumer goods, consumer items, contingent,
contribute, conventional, convertible preferred stock, cornucopia,
corny, corporate stock, country rock, creator, credence, credit,
credulity, culm, culture, cumulate, cumulation,
cumulative preferred stock, current, current assets, customary,
cut, cut-and-dried, cyclical stock, deal, deal in, defensive stock,
deferred assets, deferred stock, deme, dependence, deposit,
derision, derivation, descent, destiny, devices, dike, direct line,
disposable resources, distaff side, dividend, dole,
domestic animals, donate, drama, dump, dupe, dynasty, effects,
egg drop soup, eighth stock, end, endow, entertainment industry,
equal share, equities, equity, equity security, established,
estimate, ethnic group, evaluation, everyday, extraction, fade,
fair game, faith, familiar, family, fancies, fate, father, fauna,
female line, figure of fun, filiation, fill, fill up, find,
fish soup, fixed assets, floating stock, folk, fool, footstalk,
forebear, forefather, forerunner, founder, frozen assets, fund,
funds, funicule, funiculus, furnish, furry creatures, fusty, game,
gangue, garner, garner up, gather into barns, gazingstock,
gazpacho, genealogy, generally accepted, genesis, gens, give,
glamour issue, goat, goods, goods for sale, grass roots,
gravy soup, growth stock, guaranteed stock, gumbo, habitual,
hackney, hackneyed, half, halver, handle, haulm, have, head, heap,
heap up, helping, heritage, hide, high-flier, hoard, hoard up,
hold, hope, horses, hot issue, house, household,
hypothecated stock, inactive stock, inception, income stock,
intangible assets, intangibles, interest, inventory, invest,
investment, issued capital stock, jest, jestingstock, job lot,
joke, judgment, julienne, keep, keep on hand, kind, kindred,
larder, laughingstock, lay in, lay up, leafstalk, legit,
legitimate stage, letter stock, line, line of descent,
line of goods, lineage, liquid assets, livestock, loaned stock,
lode, lodestuff, long stock, look at, lot, mail-order goods,
maintain, make available, make provision for, male line, market,
mass, material, material assets, material resources, materials,
materiel, matriclan, matrix, matzo ball soup, means, measure, meed,
merchandise, mess, method, mineral deposit, minestrone,
misoshiru soup, mock turtle soup, mockery, modicum, moiety, monkey,
moth-eaten, mulligatawny, munitions, musty, nation, nationality,
nest egg, net assets, net worth, nonassessable stock,
nonvoting stock, normal, normative, obtaining, off Broadway,
off-off-Broadway, offer, old, old hat, order, ordinary,
ordinary shares, ore bed, origin, original, origination, ownership,
oxen, oxtail soup, pale blue chip, parentage, part,
participating preferred stock, patriclan, pay dirt, pedicel,
pedigree, peduncle, penny stock, people, percentage, petiole,
petiolule, petiolus, phratry, phyle, phylum, piece, pile, pile up,
plant kingdom, platitudinous, playland, plenitude, plenty, popular,
portion, pot-au-feu, potage, potage au tomate, potato soup,
pottage, power, precursor, predominating, preference stock,
preferred stock, prepare, prescribed, prescriptive, present,
prevailing, prevalent, process, procure materials, progenitor,
property, proportion, protective stock, provenience, provide,
provide for, provisionment, provisions, puree, put up, quantum,
quarter stock, quick assets, quota, race, radical, radix, rails,
rake-off, range, ration, rations, raw material, received,
reception, recourses, recruit, reed, regular, regulation, reliance,
reliance on, repertoire, repertory, repertory drama, replenish,
reserve, reservoir, resorts, resources, reverse split, review,
rick, rise, root, roots, routine, run-of-the-mill, save, save up,
seasoned stock, secrete, seed, seedstalk, segment, selection, sell,
sept, set, share, share ledger, shares, sheep, shoot, short stock,
show biz, show business, side, sideline, size up, slice,
small game, small share, society, soup, source, spear, spear side,
special situation stock, specialty stock, species,
speculative stock, speech community, spindle side, spire, split,
square, squirrel, squirrel away, stack, stage world, stagedom,
stageland, stake, stale, stalk, standard, standard stock, staple,
staples, steels, stem, stereotyped, stipe, stirps, stock ledger,
stock list, stock split, stock up, stock-in-trade, stockpile,
stocks, store, store up, stores, strain, straw, strawhat,
strawhat circuit, stuff, subsidize, substances, succession,
summer stock, supplies, supply, supply on hand, support, sureness,
surety, suspension of disbelief, sword side, take stock,
tangible assets, tangibles, taproot, target, ten-share unit stock,
the boards, the footlights, the scenes, the stage, the theater,
theater world, theatromania, theatrophobia, thick soup, thin soup,
threadbare, tigella, time-honored, timeworn, tired, tomato soup,
totem, toy, trade in, traditional, treasure, treasure up, treasury,
treasury stock, tribe, trite, truistic, trunk, trust, turtle soup,
unissued capital stock, universal, unoriginal, usual, utilities,
utilize, variety, vaudeville, vegetable soup, vein, vendibles,
vernacular, vichyssoise, victim, voting stock, wares, warmed-over,
ways, ways and means, wealth, well-known, well-worn, wherewith,
wherewithal, widespread, wild animals, wildlife, won ton soup,
wonted, worn, worn out, worn thin, yield

STOCK, descents. This is a metaphorical expression which designates, in the
genealogy of a family, the person from whom others are descended: those
persons who have so descended are called branches. Vide 1 Roper on Leg. 103;
2 Suppl. to Ves. 307 and Branch; Descent Line; Stirpes.

STOCK, mer. law. The capital of a merchant tradesman, or other person
including his merchandise, money and credits. In a narrower sense it
signifies only the goods and wares he has for sale and traffic. The capital
of corporations is also called stock; this is usually divided into shares of
a definite value, as one hundred dollars, fifty dollars per share.
2. The stock held by individuals in corporations is generally
considered as personal property. 4 Dane's Ab. 670; Sull. on Land. Titl. 71;
Walk. Introd. 211; 1 Hill, Ab. 1 8.

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